Investigation of the expression of RIF1 gene on head and neck, pancreatic and brain cancer and cancer stem cells

Hacer E GursesCila, Muradiye Acar, Furkan B Barut, Mehmet Gunduz, Reidar Grenman, Esra Gunduz

Abstract


Purpose: Recent studies have shown that cancer stem cells are resistant to chemotherapy. The aim of this study was to compare RIF1 gene expression in head and neck, pancreatic cancer and glioma cell lines and the cancer stem cells isolated from these cell lines.

Methods: UT-SCC-74 from Turku University and UT-SCC-74B primary tumor metastasis and neck cancer cell lines, YKG-1 glioma cancer cell line from RIKEN, pancreatic cancer cell lines and ASPC-1 cells from ATCC were grown in cell culture. To isolate cancer stem cells, ALDH-1 for UT-SCC-74 and UT-SCC-74B cell line, CD-133 for YKG-1 cell line and CD-24 for ASPC-1 cell line, were used as markers of cancer stem cells. RNA isolation was performed for both cancer lines and cancer stem cells. RNAs were converted to cDNA. RIF1 gene expression was performed by qRT-PCR analysis. RIF1 gene expression was compared with cancer cell lines and cancer stem cells isolated from these cell lines. The possible effect of RIF1 gene was evaluated.

Results: In the pancreatic cells, RIF1 gene expression in the stem cell-positive cell line was 256 time that seen in the stem cell-negative cell line.

Conclusion: Considering the importance of RIF1 in NHEJ and of NHEJ in pancreatic cancer, RIF1 may be one of the genes that plays an important role in the diagnoses and therapeutic treatment of pancreatic cancer. The results of head and neck and brain cancers are inconclusive and further studies are required to elucidate the connection between RIF1 gene and these other types of cancers.

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